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DIY英语-新目标初三(九年级)第3单元 知识梳理  

2010-09-06 16:49:49|  分类: DIY英语-初中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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DIY英语-新目标初三(九年级)第3单元 知识梳理

 Unit 3

重点知识梳理

 

一.知识点

1. 被动语态的谓语动词形式:     be的各种时态形式  +   v-ed

   含情态动词的: can/may/must/should  be + v-ed

 

2.   get / have + n./ pron. + v-ed     叫/让/请别人做某事(即使某事被做)

    例: I want to get my coat mended. 我要缝衣服.

           I want to have my hair cut. 我要理发.

 

3. allow sb to do sth      允许某人做…       

    allow doing sth           允许做…

 

4. drive : ① 驾车,驾驶.   ② 驱赶,驱使.      

   例: What drives them to rob the shop? 什么驱使他们去抢商店?

 

5.  stupid    silly    foolish   三个词都有“蠢”的意思.但略有不同.

       stupid    程度最强,指智力 理解力 学习能力差. 

       silly        指头脑简单,傻头傻脑,使人觉得可笑,带有感情色彩. 

       foolish    尤其在口语中广泛使用.

              例: He is stupid in learning math. 他学习数学很笨.

                   Stop asking such silly questions. 别再问这样傻的问题了.

                   You are foolish to throw away such a good chance. 你真蠢,丢掉这样一个好机会.

 

6. He doesn’t seem to have many friends.

     =It seems that he doesn’t have many friends.

     =He seems not to have many friends.

 

7.倒装句: So + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为肯定局)                           表示与前面所述事实一致.

                  Neither / Nor + be动词 / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语(前为否定)    表示与前面所述事实一致.

          例: He likes oranges. So do we.

                He doesn’t like oranges. Neither do we.

                She went to the cinema yesterday. So did I.

                She didn’t go to the cinema yesterday. Neither did I.

                Tom can swim. So can John.

                Tom can’t swim. Neither can John.

          So +主语+ be动词/助动词/情态动词  表示对前面事实的进一步确认.

               例: Henry is very tired. So he is.(的确是)

                     He surfed Internet for two hours. So he did.(的确是)

                    They will win the game. So they will.(他们会的)

 

8.until 用于肯定句中,前面句子中的谓动必须是延续性的.

 

9.clean (v.) 打扫,清理          clean up     比较彻底地打扫,清理      clean up    v.打扫干净, 整理, 赚钱, 获利

                                              clean out     打扫,清理地最彻底.       clean out   v.清除, 打扫干净

 

10.  fail a test fail in a test 考试不及格

 

11 .be strict with+人.    be strict in+事物.

     例: The head teacher is strict with his students

            He is strict in the work.

12.the other day  前几天,不久前的一天.(用于过去时)

 

13.concentrate on…  全神贯注做…

     例: He decided to concentrate on physics because he failed the exam.

           This company concentrates on China market. 这家公司把重点放在中国市场上.

 

14.  more…than…

       ① 与其说…不如说…; 比…更…        

           例: The man is more stupid than nervous.与其说那人紧张,倒不如说他愚蠢.

       ② 在这一结构中,more做adj. 修饰名词,表示“比…多”   

          例:I have more books than you. 我的书比你的多.

 

15.volunteer ① n. 自愿者. ② v. volunteer to do sth. 自愿做…

      例: We all volunteered to help in the old people’s home.我们都志愿到敬老院帮忙.      

 

16. chance       指侥幸的,偶尔的机会,还可表示“可能性”

      opportunity  指有利的时机,良机.   二者有时可以互换.

      Have an opportunity to do sth 有做…的机会.

      Don’t be too frustrated. You’ll have another opportunity to go to college next year. 

       别太沮丧了,你还有上大学的机会.

 

17.  experience :

      ①可数名词 “经历,体验”   例: Please tell us something about your experiences.

      ②不可数名词 “经验”       例: He is a man of rich experience.

       ③动词“经历”        例: She experienced lots of suffering.

 

18.  off  不工作,不上班,不上学,不值班.

      例: I think I’ll take the afternoon off. 我想下午歇班.

           She is off today. 她今天休息.

           I have three days off next week. 下周我有三天假.

           They haven’t had a day off since last week. 从上周来,他们没休息过一天.

 

19.  reply 与 answer 两者有时可通用.

       reply比answer正式,一般指经过思考的.有针对性的,详细的回答,往往与to连用.

        answer是一般用语,可直接带宾语.另外answer还有“应答”之意.如answer the door/telephone

 

20.  get in the way (of)... 妨碍...

     例: He never gets in others’ way. 他从不妨碍别人.

         The bikes over there will get in the way of others. 自行车放在那里会妨碍别人的.

 

21. success (n.)   successful (adj.)   succeed (v.)

      success      n.成功, 成就, 胜利, 发迹, 兴旺

      successful   adj.成功的, 有成绩[就]的, 及格的; 盛大的(会等); 幸运的   be successful in  在...上成功

      succeed       vi.(~ in) 成功   v.继...之后, 继任, 继承, 取得成功

 

22. do  / does /  did  用在另一个动词前  表示强调.

    例: He does speak well. 他真的讲的很好.     Do be quiet. 务必安静.

         She did do her homework yesterday. 她昨天确实写作业了.

23. in the end = finally = at last 最后.

24. importance (n.)   important (adj.)

25. be serious about  对…热忠/极感兴趣.

      例: I’m serious about the problem.

         To tell you the truth, I’m not serious about math at all.

26. only 处于句首,并后跟状语时,全句需要倒装.

例: Only then did he understand it. 只有到那时,他才明白.

    Only in this way can we learn English well. 只有这样我们才能把英语学好.

    Only when she came home, did he learn the news. 当她到家时,他才得知了这消息.

27. care about  关心,在乎,在意.

   例: No one cares about others nowadays. 现在没人关心别人.

     I don’t care about what he does. 我并不在意他干什么.

28. clothes  统指身上穿的各种服装,包括上衣,裤子,内衣等,做主语,谓语动词按复数处理.

      clothing 不可数名词,是服装的总称,包括各种衣服,帽子,鞋袜等.做主语谓动按单三处理.      

      cloth  布料.

 

二.短语

 

1. be allowed to do sth                                                                   被允许干…  

    allow sb to do sth                                                                       允许某人干…

     allow doing sth 允许干…

2. sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls                    16岁的孩子

3. part-time jobs                                                                              兼职工作            

4. a driver’s license                                                                      驾照

5. on weekends                                                                               在周末                

6. at that age                                                                                  在那个年龄段

7. on school nights                                                                         在上学期间的每个晚上     

8. stay up                                                                                       熬夜

9. clean up                                                                                     (相当与及物动词) 清扫     

10. fail (in) a test                                                                            考试不及格

11. take the test                                                                              参加考试             

12. the other day                                                                           前几天

13. all my classmates                                                                    我所有的同学    

14. concentrate on                                                                        全神贯注于

15. be good for                                                                             对…有益              

16. in groups                                                                                 成群的,按组的

17. get noisy                                                                                 吵闹(系表结构)           

18. learn from                                                                               向某人学习

19. at present                                                                               目前,现在 

20. have an opportunity to do sth                                                 有做…的机会 

21.English-English dictionary                                                       英英词典

22. at least                                                                                    至少                    

23.eight hours’ sleep a night                                                     每晚8小时的睡眠

24. an old people’s home                                                         敬老院   

25. take time to do sth                                                                 花费时间干…

26. primary schools                                                                     小学       

27. have…off                                                                               放假,休息

28. reply to                                                                                  回答,答复           

29. get in the way of                                                                    妨碍

30. a professional athlete                                                           职业运动员 

31. achieve one’s dreams                                                        实现梦想

32. think about                                                                            思考,考虑         

33. in the end                                                                             最后,终于

34. be serious about                                                                   对…热衷/极感兴趣

35. spend…on + n.   spend …(in) + v-ing                                   在…上花费时间/金钱

36. care about                                                                           关心,担心,在乎      

37. agree with                                                                           同意…

 

三.句子

 

1. I don’t think twelve-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced.

    我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔.

2.They talk instead of doing homework. 他们聊天而不是做作业.

3.He is allowed to stay up until 11:00 pm. 允许他们熬到晚上11点.

4.We should be allowed to take time to do things like that more often.

   我们应该被允许更加经常的花些时间多做这类事情.

5.What school rules do you think should be changed?

    你认为学校的哪些制度应该改一改了?

6.The two pairs of jeans both look good on me. 这两条牛仔裤穿在我身上都适合.

7.The classroom is a real mess. 教室太脏了.

8.Should I be allowed to make my own decisions?

9.Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream. 只有这样我才能实现我的梦想.

10.They should be allowed to practice their hobbies as much as they want.

      应该允许他们对业余爱好想练多长时间就练多长时间.

11.We have nothing against running. 我们没有理由反对他跑步.

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